The spread of the Phrasal clitic sa in Faroese

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Abstract

In Faroese the phrasal clitic sa is used in possessive constructions like Jákup=sa
skegg ‘jákup’s beard’. Originally the clitic could only be attached to kinship nouns or proper nouns of persons and other nouns with a similar function, but in recent years the sa has 
spread to other host nouns like animate, human nouns and pronouns partly as the result of 
convergence. this article explores the origin of -sa. It will be posit that a form like hansa
‘his’ in the Ballad language in all likelihood shows that the old genitive plural ending a at 
some point in the history of Faroese was productive.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-128
Number of pages24
JournalBulletin de l'Association de la noblesse française
Volume131
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • clitic
  • possessive constructions
  • genitive
  • convergence
  • bilingualism

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