PPP using Kalman filter typically takes half an hour to achieve high positioning precision, which is required for small movements detection. Many dataset gaps due to temporary GPS receiver signal loss challenge the feasibility of PPP in GPS applications for kinematic precise positioning. Additional convergence time is needed before PPP reaches the required precision again. In this study, Partial parameters were estimated by using the position and ZWD as prior constraint. The solved partial parameters were applied to initialize the Kalman filter for PPP instantaneous re‐con-vergence. A set of bridge GPS data with logging gaps were used to validate the re‐convergence performance of improved PPP. The results show that the displacements from position‐constrained PPP with initialized variance are 0.14 m, 0.09 m and 0.05 m, which are much better than those from standard PPP. The precision of displacement from position‐ and ZWD‐constrained PPP with initialized variance is slightly improved when compared with that from position‐constrained PPP with initialized variance at all 3 surveying points. The bridge experiment verifies that the displacement time series of improved PPP instantaneously converges at the first epoch of all signal reacquired, in contrast, standard PPP deviates by meters. This finding suggests that improved PPP can success-fully deal with the GPS data logging gaps for instantaneous convergence.
- Bridge displacement monitoring
- Instantaneous convergence
- Precise point positioning