Positioning Buried Pipes and Cables in Urban Canyons Using an Integrated GNSS Approach

Gethin Wyn Roberts, Oluropo Ogundipe, Craig Matthew Hancock, Ahmad Taha, Jean-Philippe Montilet

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Abstract

Urban areas with their tall buildings and narrow corridors are extremely challenging environments to use a positioning system such as Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) which depends on an open sky view in order to have a line of sight to each satellite.
However, there are many urban applications for example, the positioning of buried assets such as pipes and cables which require the advantages that GNSS positioning brings. There are over 4 million kilometres of buried pipes and cables currently in the UK (Taha et al, 2006). Many of these have not being accurately mapped thereby leading to increased disruptions through street works as trial pits have to be dug in order to locate the required utility. As a result projects such as the Technology Strategy Board (TSB) funded VISTA and the EPSRC funded Mapping The Underworld (MTU) projects are being undertaken to deal with the challenge of locating and visualizing both past, present and future buried utilities.
The University of Nottingham as part of the VISTA and Mapping The Underworld projects has carried out some trials to investigate the use of an integrated GNSS approach in positioning and visualizing buried pipes and cables. As part of the project, research was conducted into GPS/INS integration, the use of high sensitivity GPS, future GNSS constellation simulation, GPS/GPR integration, laser scanning and augmented reality in order to aid accurate positioning and visualisation of buried assets. The paper highlights some of the results achieved so far.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFig Working Week 2009
Subtitle of host publicationSurveyors Key Role in Accelerated Development. New Horizons across the Red Sea
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 2009
EventFIG working week - Dan Eital Hotel, Eilat, Israel
Duration: 3 May 20098 May 2009

Conference

ConferenceFIG working week
Country/TerritoryIsrael
CityEilat
Period3/05/098/05/09

Keywords

  • GNSS
  • Engineering surveys

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