Piezoresistive Load Sensing and Percolation Phenomena in Portland Cement Composite Modified with In-Situ Synthesized Carbon Nanofibers

Thanyarat Buasiri, Habermehl-Cwirzen, Lukasz Krzeminski, Andrzej Cwirzen

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Abstract

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Open AccessArticle
Piezoresistive Load Sensing and Percolation Phenomena in Portland Cement Composite Modified with In-Situ Synthesized Carbon Nanofibers
by Thanyarat Buasiri 1,*ORCID,Karin Habermehl-Cwirzen 1,Lukasz Krzeminski 2 andAndrzej Cwirzen 1ORCID
1
Building Materials, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Luleå University of Technology, 97187 Luleå, Sweden
2
The Institute of Engineering Materials and Biomaterials, Silesian University of Technology, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(4), 594; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9040594
Submission received: 6 March 2019 / Revised: 29 March 2019 / Accepted: 3 April 2019 / Published: 10 April 2019
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Abstract
Carbon nanofibers (CNFs) were directly synthesized on Portland cement particles by chemical vapor deposition. The so-produced cements contained between 2.51–2.71 wt% of CNFs; depending on the production batch. Several mortar mixes containing between 0 and 10 wt% of the modified cement were produced and the electrical properties at various ages and the load sensing capabilities determined. The percolation threshold related to the electrical conductivity was detected and corresponded to the amount of the present CNFs, 0.271, 0.189, 0.135 and 0.108 wt%. The observed threshold depended on the degree of hydration of the Portland cement. The studied mortars showed a strong piezoresistive response to the applied compressive load reaching a 17% change of the electrical resistivity at an applied load of 3.5 MPa and 90% at 26 MPa. This initial study showed that the studied material is potentially suitable for future development of novel fully integrated monitoring systems for concrete structures.
Original languageEnglish
Article number594
Number of pages13
JournalNanomaterials
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Apr 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Carbon nanofibers
  • CVD
  • percolation
  • piezoresistive response
  • compressive load

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