Physiological responses and performance in a simulated trampoline gymnastics competition in elite male gymnasts

Peter Jensen, Suzanne Scott, Peter Krustrup, Magni Mohr

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19 Citations (Scopus)


AbstractPhysiological responses and performance were examined during and after a simulated trampoline competition (STC). Fifteen elite trampoline gymnasts participated, of which eight completed two routines (EX1 and EX2) and a competition final (EX3). Trampoline-specific activities were quantified by video-analysis. Countermovement jump (CMJ) and 20 maximal trampoline jump (20-MTJ) performances were assessed. Heart rate (HR) and quadriceps muscle temperature (Tm) were recorded and venous blood was drawn. A total of 252 ± 16 jumps were performed during the STC. CMJ performance declined (P < 0.05) by 3.8, 5.2 and 4.2% after EX1, EX2 and EX3, respectively, and was 4.8% lower (P < 0.05) than baseline 24 h post-competition. 20-MTJ flight time was ~1% shorter (P < 0.05) for jump 1?10 after EX2 and 24 h post STC. Tm increased (P < 0.05) to ~39°C after the warm-up, but declined (P < 0.05) 1.0 and 0.6ºC before EX2 and EX3, respectively. Peak HR was 95?97% HRmax during EX1-3. Peak blood lactate, plasma K+ and NH3 were 6.5 ± 0.5, 6.0 ± 0.2 mmol · l?1 and 92 ± 10 µmol · l?1, respectively. Plasma CK increased (P < 0.05) by ~50 and 65% 0 and 24 h after STC. In conclusion, a trampoline gymnastic competition includes a high number of repeated explosive and energy demanding jumps, which impairs jump performance during and 24 h post-competition.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1761-1769
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013


  • jump performance
  • fatigue
  • muscle temperature
  • muscle damage
  • recovery


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