Periconceptional multivitamin use and risk of preterm or small-for-gestational-age births in the Danish National birth cohort

Janet M. Catov, Lisa M. Bodnar, Jorn Olsen, Sjurdur Olsen, Ellen A. Nohr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

84 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The intake of periconceptional multivitamins may decrease the risk of preterm births (PTBs) or small-for-gestational-age (SGA) births.

Objective: We related the timing and frequency of periconceptional multivitamin use to SGA births and PTBs and its clinical presentations (ie, preterm labor, premature rupture of membranes, and medical induction).

Design: Women in the Danish National Birth Cohort (n = 35,897) reported the number of weeks of multivitamin use during a 12-wk periconceptional period. Cox regression was used to estimate the relation between any multivitamin use and PTBs (2 SDs below the mean on the basis of fetal growth curves). The timing (preconception and postconception) and frequency of use were also analyzed. Regular users (4–6 wk) and partial users (1–3 wk) in each period were compared with nonusers.

Results: The association between periconceptional multivitamin use and PTBs varied according to prepregnancy overweight status (P-interaction = 0.07). Regular preconception and postconception multivitamin use in women with a prepregnancy BMI (in kg/m2)
Conclusion: Regular periconceptional multivitamin use was associated with reduced risk of SGA births and PTBs in nonoverweight women.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)906-912
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of clinical nutrition
Volume94
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jul 2011

Keywords

  • fetal growth
  • Periconceptional multivitamin use
  • birth weight
  • preterm birth
  • risks
  • pregnancy

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