We examined performance and submaximal adaptations to additional treadmill-based speed-endurance training (SET) vs. continuous moderate-intensity aerobic training (MIT) twice / week. Twenty-two male endurance athletes were tested before and after 10-week SET (6-12 × 30-s sprints separated by 3-min rest intervals) and MIT (2040 min continuous running at ~70% maximal oxygen uptake [V̇O2max]). The SET group attained greater acute heart rate (HR) and blood lactate responses than the MIT group (d = 0.86–0.91). The SET group improved performance in a time-to-exhaustion trial, V̇O2max, and lactate threshold (d = 0.50–0.73), whereas no training-induced changes were observed in the MIT group. Additionally, the SET group reduced oxygen uptake, mean HR and improved running economy (d = 0.53–0.86) during running at 10 and 12 km·h-1. Additional SET imposes greater physiological demands than MIT resulting in superior performance adaptations and reduced energy cost in endurance athletes.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Human Kinetics|
|Publication status||Published - 23 Aug 2022|
- anaerobic training
- maximal oxygen uptake
- blood lactate
- submaximal exercise