Microbial Communities in the East and West Fram Strait During Sea Ice Melting Season

Eduard Fadeev, Ian Salter, Vibe Schourop-Kristensen, Eva-Maria Nöthig, Katja Metfies, Anja Engel, Judith Piontek, Antje Boetius, Christina Bienhold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Climate models project that the Arctic Ocean may experience ice-free summers by the second half of this century. This may have severe repercussions on phytoplankton bloom dynamics and the associated cycling of carbon in surface waters. We currently lack baseline knowledge of the seasonal dynamics of Arctic microbial communities, which is needed in order to better estimate the effects of such changes on ecosystem functioning. Here we present a comparative study of polar summer microbial communities in the ice-free (eastern) and ice-covered (western) hydrographic regimes at the LTER HAUSGARTEN in Fram Strait, the main gateway between the Arctic and North Atlantic Oceans. Based on measured and modeled biogeochemical parameters, we tentatively identified two different ecosystem states (i.e., different phytoplankton bloom stages) in the distinct regions. Using Illumina tag-sequencing, we determined the community composition of both free-living and particle-associated bacteria as well as
microbial eukaryotes in the photic layer. Despite substantial horizontal mixing by eddies in Fram Strait, pelagic microbial communities showed distinct differences between the two regimes, with a proposed early spring (pre-bloom) community in the ice-covered western regime (with higher representation of SAR11, SAR202, SAR406 and eukaryotic MALVs) and a community indicative of late summer conditions (post-bloom) in the icefree eastern regime (with higher representation of Flavobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria and eukaryotic heterotrophs). Co-occurrence networks revealed specific taxon-taxon associations between bacterial and eukaryotic taxa in the two regions. Our results suggest that the predicted changes in sea ice cover and phytoplankton bloom dynamics will have a strong impact on bacterial community dynamics and potentially
on biogeochemical cycles in this region.
Original languageEnglish
Article number429
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
JournalFrontiers in Marine Science
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Nov 2018

Keywords

  • Arctic Ocean
  • phytoplankton bloom
  • microbial interactions
  • bacterioplankton
  • Network analysis

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