Knowledge about heart failure and self-care persists following outpatient programme: a prospective cohort study from the Faroe Islands

Tóra Roin, Katrin á Lakjuni, Kasper Kyhl, Jacoba Thomsen, Anna Sofía Veyhe, Ása Roin, Jan Rasmussen, Marin Strøm

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1 Citation (Scopus)
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Abstract

Objectives: Longer life expectancies imply increased prevalence of heart failure. Blittle is known about the maintenance of disease specific knowledge following patient education. Our aim was to investigate if self-care and heart failure knowledge persists at 9 month follow up among patients with heart failure after an outpatient programme in the Faroe Islands.

Methods: A prospective cohort study with patients recently diagnosed with heart failure were recruited and evaluated by questionnaire at baseline, after 3 and 9 months using The European Heart Failure Self-Care Behaviour Scale and the Dutch Heart Failure Knowledge Scale. Clinical and demographic information was collected.

Results: Seven (15%) women and 40 (85%) men with heart failure and NYHA > 2 were included. There was an overall improvement in patients’ self-care from baseline 25 (8) to 3 months 15 (5) and to 9 months (16 (45); both p < 0.001). Mean knowledge score 10 (3) improved to 13 (2) at 3 months and 12 (2) at 9 months (both p < 0.001).

Conclusions: Disease specific patient education is applicable to heart failure patients, which can produce persistent improvements in self-care and knowledge after multidisciplinary outpatient programme.

Practice Implications: Multidisciplinary outpatient programmes are beneficial for patients with heart failure and alters disease specific knowledge and self-care.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
JournalINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CIRCUMPOLAR HEALTH
Volume78
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Heart failure
  • self-care
  • Knowledge
  • patient education
  • prospective cohort study
  • rural areas

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