Flow through fish farming sea cages: Comparing computational fluid dynamics simulations with scaled and full-scale experimental data

Heini Winthereig-Rasmussen, K. Simonsen, Øystein Patursson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations were performed on the flow through and around full-
scale sea cages. The Reynolds average Navier–Stokes equations were solved using a finite volume ap-
proach. The realizable k − ε model was used to describe turbulence and porous media to represent the
flow resistance effect of the net. Velocity deficit was investigated for a single cage, a row of five cages, and
two rows of five cages, corresponding to the salmon farm at Gulin in the Faroe Islands. CFD simulations
were compared with field measurement data from this farm. The comparison showed that the flow was
overpredicted with up to 50% by the CFD simulations using a net solidity corresponding to the net
specifications. A hypothesis is presented for the discrepancy between CFD simulations and field mea-
surements, which includes net deformation and fish behavior. Using different cage layouts, different
distances between cage centres, and different net soldities, the effects on flow through and around sea
cages were examined and discussed
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-31
Number of pages11
JournalOcean Engineering
Volume124
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Aquaculture
  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Full scale salmon farm
  • Net
  • Porous media

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