Exposure to persistent organic pollutants and sperm sex chromosome ratio in men from the Faroe Islands

L Kvist, A Giwercman, P Weihe, TK Jensen, P Grandjean, J Halling, MS Petersen, YL Giwercman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
100 Downloads (Pure)


People in the Arctic as well as fishermen on the polluted Swedish east coast are highly exposed to persistent organic pollutants (POPs). These compounds have been shown to affect the sperm Y:X chromosome ratio. In present study, the aim was to investigate whether polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners and 1,1,-dichloro-2,2,-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane (p,p'-DDE) influence sperm sex chromosome ratio in Faroese men, and whether these men differ regarding Y:X ratio compared to Greenland Inuit and Swedish fishermen. The study population (n = 449) consisted of young men from the general population (n = 276) as well as proven fertile men (n = 173). The Y:X ratio was assessed by fluorescent in situ hybridization. Serum concentrations of POPs were measured using gas chromatography. Associations between POP concentrations and Y:X ratio were calculated using linear and non-linear regression models as well as trend analysis and pairwise comparison of exposure data categorized into quartiles. The selected POPs were associated with Y:X ratio in fertile Faroese men, but not in the total population; p,p'-DDE (95% CI for B = -0.005 to -0.001, p = 0.005) and Sigma PCB (95% CI for B = -0.005 to -0.001, p = 0.012). Since p, p'-DDE and Sigma PCB correlated significantly (r = 0.927, p < 0.001), the results involving the exposure variables can be regarded as a single finding. The Y:X ratio for the total Faroese population was 0.500 +/- 0.018, which was statistically significantly lower than in both Inuit and Swedish fishermen (0.512 for both). In conclusion, Faroese men presented with lower Y:X ratio than Greenland Inuit and Swedish fishermen. Although no direct health effects are expected due to the lower Faroese Y:X ratio, it could be indicative of adverse effects on the reproductive system. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)359-364
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironment International
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2014


  • PCB
  • persistent organic pollutants
  • p,p '-DDE
  • Y:X ratio
  • male reproductive hazards
  • polychlorinated -biphenyls
  • organochlorine pollutants
  • testicular cancer
  • seafood diet
  • human-milk
  • mercury
  • health
  • impact
  • Faroe Islands


Dive into the research topics of 'Exposure to persistent organic pollutants and sperm sex chromosome ratio in men from the Faroe Islands'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this