Examining confounding by diet in the association between perfluoroalkyl acids and serum cholesterol in pregnancy

Margret Skuladottir, Alfons Ramel, Dorte Rytter, Line Småstuen Haug, Azemira Sabaredzovic, Bodil Hammer Bech, Tine Brink Henriksen, Sjurdur F. Olsen, Thorhallur I. Halldorsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) have consistently been associated with higher cholesterol levels in cross sectional studies. Concerns have, however, been raised about potential confounding by diet and clinical relevance. Objective: To examine the association between concentrations of PFOS and PFOA and total cholesterol in serum during pregnancy taking into considerations confounding by diet. Methods: 854 Danish women who gave birth in 1988-89 and provided a blood sample and reported their diet in week 30 of gestation. Results: Mean serum PFOS, PFOA and total cholesterol concentrations were 22.3. ng/mL, 4.1. ng/mL and 7.3. mmol/L, respectively. Maternal diet was a significant predictor of serum PFOS and PFOA concentrations. In particular intake of meat and meat products was positively associated while intake of vegetables was inversely associated (P for trend
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-38
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Research
Volume143
Issue numberA
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Cholesterol
  • Diet
  • PFOA
  • PFOS
  • Pregnancy
  • Saturated fat

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