The effects of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), 12-deoxyphorbol-13-phenylacetate (DOPP), 12-deoxyphorbol-13-phenylacetate-20-acetate (DOPP A), sapintoxin D (SAP D) and sapintoxin A (SAP A) on the decrease in [125I]epidermal growth factor (EGF) binding (indicating protein kinase C activation), suppression of gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) and induction of morphological cell transformation (MCT) in Syrian hamster embryo (SHE) cells were investigated. All five phorbol esters were found to reduce [125I]EGF binding in early passage SHE cells at comparable concentrations. DOPP A was approximately 10-fold less potent in decreasing GJIC compared to the other phorbol esters in early passage SHE cells, while the compounds showed less difference in suppressing GJIC in the phorbol ester sensitive SHE cell line BPNi. The decreases in [125I]EGF binding and GJIC were found to be transient in the continuous presence of phorbol esters. All phorbol esters induced MCT in early passage SHE cells, but DOPP and DOPP A were approximately 10-fold less potent than TPA, SAP D and SAP A. Thus, there seems to be some degree of correlation, but not to a full extent, between the ability of the phorbol esters to activate PKC, decrease GJIC and to induce MCT. The results do not suggest a simple relationship between PKC activation, inhibition of GJIC and the reported tumor-promoting activities of the compounds.
- protein kinase c
- cell lines