To analyze the possible mechanisms by which coxsackie B1 virus infection affects the invasiveness of Shigella flexneri, we have studied the influence of intracellular levels of Na+ and K+, ATPase activity, cytoplasmic membrane potential, cAMP level and cell communication through gap junctions. 3h after adsorption of viable or UV-inactivated coxsackie B1 virus the Na(+)-K+ gradient of the cell collapsed, ATPase activity decreased, the cytoplasmic membranic potential-dependent tetraphosphonium ion uptake were reduced. No changes in cAMP or intercellular cell communication were observed. S. flexneri invasiveness in HEp-2 cell pretreated with viable or UV-inactivated coxsackie B 1 virus was enhanced, but bacterial invasiveness was unchanged in K(+)-depleted HEp-2 cells, cell cultures with high intracellular Na+ content or ouabain pre-treated cells compared to control cells. We found no correlation between the enhanced bacterial invasiveness in the early phase of coxsackie B 1 virus infection in HEp-2 cell cultures and intracellular K+ depletion, high intracellular Na+ content, inhibited Na(+)-K+ ATPase activity or membranic depolarization.
|Journal||Archives of Virology. Official Journal of the Virology Division of the International Union of Microbiological Societies|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|
- Coxsackie B1 virus
- membrane potential
- Shigella flexneri
- Cell culture
- gap junctional intercellular communication