Can modern football match demands be translated into novel training and testing modes?

Paul Bradley, Michele Di Mascio, Magni Mohr, Dan Fransson, Carl Wells, Alexandre Moreira, Julen Castellano, Antonio Gómez-Díaz, Jack Ade

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Association football is a complex sport with unpredictable activity patterns during matches. Players regularly transition between short multi-directional high-intensity efforts and longer periods of low-intensity activity. Time-motion analysis has been the data collection technique of choice to quantify the physical match performance of elite footballers. In the last 4 decades this technique has quantified the relative or absolute distance covered and time spent along a motion continuum of walking through to sprinting. This is accomplished with the aid of validated manual/computerised tracking or global/local positioning technology. Technological advances in wearables such as tri-axial accelerometers have enabled inertial indices to be progressively introduced alongside traditional time-motion techniques to provide more insight into metabolically taxing activities. This has surely progressed the understanding of the physiological, metabolic and mechanical demands of elite football match play; although more validation work should be conducted to compare inertial indices with physiological and metabolic measures.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-52
Number of pages7
JournalASPETAR Sports Medicine Journal
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018


  • soccer
  • competition
  • performance structure
  • performance factor
  • training
  • test
  • diagnostics
  • performance diagnostics
  • physiology
  • sport physiology
  • technology
  • metabolism


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