Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is an essential technology for the Internet-of-Things (IoT) and intelligence-based applications. In the case of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS), the WSNs play an important role in safety and efficient traffic management. Therefore, there is enormous demand for energy efficient WSNs for dynamic resource allocation in vehicles and infrastructures. This work presents a Multi-Input Multi-Output (MIMO) technique model in WSNs, which addresses the Cluster Head (CH) recognition issue for MIMO sensor networks by using Back Propagation Neural Network (BPNN). The conventional CH identification suffers from a lack of location identification due to the dynamic and real-time environment. Thus, to obtain more precise positioning accuracy, the proposed work uses BPNN combined with a distributed gradient drop technique to calculate the position of the unknown CH. This reduces the distance estimation error, and the particle swarm optimization technique is further used to obtain the optimal weight and threshold of the network. The work is validated by using mathematical analysis, simulations, and comparison with existing techniques. The proposed model shows a better performance in terms of energy consumption, error rate, and computation time.