10-Year Follow-up of the Original Faroese Septuagenarian Cohort: Focus on Frailty and Association With All-cause Mortality

Eina H. Eliasen, Pál Weihe, Fróði Debes, Marjun Tróndarson, Maria Skaalum Petersen

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Abstract

Little is known about the health status of Faroese people reaching high age. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the health status of older adults in a small-scale society with emphasis on frailty and all-cause mortality. In this 10-year follow-up study, 347 Faroese citizens aged 80 to 84 from the Faroese Septuagenarian cohort participated. A detailed health examination was conducted, in addition to self-reported questionnaire. We constructed a 40-item Frailty Index (FI) to assess frailty. Survival and mortality risks were analyzed using Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox proportional hazard model. Median FI score was 0.28 ranging from 0.09 to 0.7; 71 (21%) individuals were least frail, 244 (67%) moderately frail, and 41 (12%) were most frail. Frailty and sex were statistically significantly associated with mortality; being male was associated with hazard ratio (HR) of 4.05 [CI 1.73, 9.48], and being most frail with HR of 6.2 [CI 1.84, 21.3]. Classification of octogenarians as least/moderately frail may be an opportunity to initiate interventions to prevent or delay frailty in this population stratum.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalGerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Frailty
  • Health status
  • Mortality
  • Octogenarians
  • Older adults

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